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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome:  How a Physical Therapist Can Help

Exercise for knee pain

Patellofemoral pain syndrome refers to pain in the front of the knee or around the kneecap (patella).  It is the most common form of knee pain.  Patellofemoral pain syndrome is sometimes referred to as runner’s knee.  However, anyone can get it.  It commonly affects runners, cyclists, and office workers or anyone else who sits for […]

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Knee Arthritis:  How Physical Therapy Can Help

exercise knee arthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition where the protective cartilage of the joint surfaces breaks down.  The cartilage serves as a pad or cushion to the bone beneath it.  The knee, hip, and spine are the most joints where osteoarthritis develops.  In the knee, this can occur on the end of the thigh bone (femur), the lower […]

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Hip Arthritis:  How Exercise Can Help

hip osteoarthritis

Hip arthritis is a condition where the protective cartilage of the joint surfaces break down.  The cartilage serves as a pad or cushion to the bone beneath it.  This can occur on the end of the thigh bone (ball), the pelvis (socket), or both.  Bare bone can be exposed within the joint. This is where […]

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Spinal Stenosis: Causes and Treatment

physical therapy for stenosis

Spinal stenosis refers to narrowing of the space surrounding the nerves or spinal cord in the back.  Many people with signs of spinal stenosis on an MRI experience no symptoms.  Others experience pain or a deep aching sensation in the buttocks, thighs, or lower legs.  Symptoms are worse when standing or walking.  Other symptoms may […]

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Sciatica: Causes and Treatment

treatment for sciatica

Sciatica is pain caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve.  The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the body.  It begins in the lower back, passes through the buttock, back of the thigh, and into the lower leg and feet. What Causes Sciatica? Sciatica can be caused by injuries to many different structures such […]

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Lat Stretches to Improve Overhead Mobility

Lat stretches

The length of the lats, or latissimus dorsi muscle, affects the ability to raise the arms overhead.  Shortened lats restrict overhead mobility.  Short or overactive lats also pull the shoulders inward and can increase compressive forces on the low back.  This commonly occurs with aging and those with a rounded shoulder posture.  Performing lat stretches […]

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Frozen Shoulder: Exercises to Restore Mobility

adhesive capsulitis exercise

Stiffness from frozen shoulder can last 1 to 3 years.  Performing regular home exercise can expedite recovery.  As mentioned in a previous article, the exercise program must be individually tailored and match the stage of the disorder.  Gentle exercise with minimal pain is recommended early during the freezing stage.  The vigor and volume of stretching […]

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Frozen Shoulder: What is it and What Can Be Done?

Adhesive capsulitis

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is characterized by tightening and contracture of the shoulder joint capsule and surrounding ligaments.  The inner lining of the shoulder joint called the synovium, and the surrounding muscles are also affected.  In the majority of cases, pain and loss of motion occur without any specific injury.  Sometimes only […]

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Sleep Well to Feel Well

Sleep habits

When you think of physical therapy sleep probably isn’t the first thing that comes to mind.  Although hands-on therapy and exercise are often keys to a successful outcome, the body is more complex and other aspects of your overall health should be taken into consideration. In addition to diet and exercise, sleep is an important […]

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Ankle Impingement Syndromes in Ballet Dancers

Dance injuries

What is Ankle Impingement? Overuse injuries account for approximately 68% of injuries in ballet dancers.  Ankle impingement is an overuse injury from the repetition of specific movements required in dance. Ankle impingement can be classified into two general categories, namely anterior and posterior impingement.  Anterior impingement syndrome (AIS) is caused by compression of structures in […]

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