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Resistance Training Reduces Injury in Youth Athletes

Youth strength training

In our last article, we discussed the safety of youth resistance training. In addition to being safe for youth athletes, resistance training can also reduce injury and improve athletic performance. Resistance training has been shown to reduce injuries in adolescents who participate in football, soccer, basketball, and various other sports1-2. Adolescent females are especially vulnerable to knee injuries. Preseason […]

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Is it Safe for Children to Do Strength Training?

There is substantial interest and lingering concern from parents, coaches, and the medical community about the safety and appropriateness of strength training for children.   Are these concerns based on solid research or are they misconceptions which need to be put to rest? What is Resistance Training? Before discussing the evidence, clear definitions of the terms […]

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Dangers of Athletic Practices in the Heat

Pre-season sport practices will be kicking off over the next few weeks. With the excitement of another season fueling summer practices, comes the dangers of playing in hot and humid conditions. There are three forms of exertional heat illness which players, parents, and coaches should be familiar with. These are heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heatstroke. For more about […]

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Youth Baseball Pitching Injuries on The Rise

Arm Care Exercise for Baseball

Youth baseball pitching injuries are on the rise. The world-renowned Dr. James Andrews describes the increase in injury rates as an epidemic (ESPN interview).  His research shows 5% of youth pitchers will sustain at least one serious elbow or shoulder injury which will require surgery or end their career. Historically, throwing breaking pitches at a […]

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Early Sports Specialization in Young Athletes

In the United States, it is estimated that 72% of school-aged youth (8 to 17 years old) participate in at least one organized sport. Sports participation has many benefits, including living a healthy lifestyle, having a positive self-image, and building social relationships. It is also estimated that nearly 30% of school-aged athletes specialize in a single sport […]

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Identifying Expert Physical Therapists: Part 2

Previously, I discussed the attributes of expert physical therapists. Experts share an inner drive for continual learning and improvement of their craft. Experts collaborate with patients to solve problems and possess a belief that patients are responsible for their own health. Several other related themes include spending more time with their patients, placing a greater emphasis on educating […]

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What is Expertise in Physical Therapy?

Recent changes in health care have placed increased pressure on physical therapists to become more efficient and effective with their treatments. More so than ever, the diagnosis, treatment, and education of a patient must be done quickly and accurately in a limited number of treatment sessions. In order to practice in such an environment, physical therapists must […]

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Shared Decision Making in Physical Therapy

Shared decision making between a patient and health care provider is linked with improved patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment, and health outcomes. Involving a patient in decision making may also reduce anxiety and improve confidence in any physical therapy treatment plan. Traditional models of health care use a provider focused approach which does not always incorporate patient […]

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Communication and the Patient-Therapist Relationship

Physical therapist communication skills

The result of physical therapy treatment relies on the interplay between the technical ability, communication skills, and reflective capacity of the therapist to respond to the patient’s needs.  In previous articles we discussed how a positive patient-therapist relationship is associated with improved satisfaction and treatment outcomes. Now we turn to which specific factors influence this relationship […]

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Patient-Centered Communication

The therapeutic alliance refers to the collaboration between a patient and medical provider, their affective bond, and agreement on treatment goals. The therapeutic alliance was described in more detail in a previous article. As a matter of review, trust and empathy have also been closely linked with the therapeutic alliance. Research has shown that maximizing the therapeutic […]

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